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Withholding Tax in Uganda

by BJ

Question 1:
Is it possible to reclaim withheld tax?

Answer 1:

Yes it is! Under the following circumstances, you will be able to reclaim withheld tax:

1) You will be entitled to reclaim withholding tax, if you only earn employment income and you suffer withholding tax on imports.

2) If the total tax you have paid in a particular financial season exceeds the total tax payable, you can reclaim the excess income paid.

Be that as it may, Uganda Revenue authority (URA) has provisions for exempting a tax payer from paying withholding tax. URA issues the tax payer with a withholding tax exemption certificate, if you fulfil certain conditions.

A tax payer requesting to be exempted from withholding tax applies to URA and after a vetting process, URA can either grant the tax payer with the certificate or not.

The conditions under which a withholding tax exemption certificate may be issued include:

i) If the applicant is a registered tax payer.
ii) If the applicant has been paying taxes for the last 3 years.
iii) If the applicant is tax compliant.

The withholding tax exemption certificate is renewable every after a period of 6 months.

Question 2:
How much is the withheld tax?

Answer 2:
Withholding tax is deducted from a payment (income) to a payer.

Withholding tax is a form of income tax deducted at source by one person upon effecting a payment to another.
The withholding agent (person effecting the payment) is supposed to make the payment of tax.

The payer must remit to the Commissioner General the tax withheld on or before the 15th day of the
month following the month in which the payment subject to withholding tax is made.
However, for promoters or non resident or sports entertainers, tax withheld must be paid within 5 days after
the performance or not later than the departure date from Uganda of the non resident.

The Income Tax Act Cap 340 s 124 specifies that if a withholding agent fails to withdraw the tax from payments made,
they become personally liable for the tax.

The withholding agent is required to keep the records of payment and withholdings for 5 years.

Cases where a person effecting a payment is regarded as a withholding agent and the percentage of income to withhold:

1. Withholding agent: Employer income

Tax withheld: All tax due on the employee’s employment

2. Withholding agent: A resident payer of interest
Note: this does not apply to;
i) Interest paid by a natural person.
ii) Interest paid to a financial institution.
iii) Interest paid by a company to an associated company.
iv) Interest paid which is exempt from tax in the hands of the recipient e.g. interest paid to a listed institution or an exempt organization is payable tax free.

Tax withheld: 15% of the gross amount of interest payable.

3. Withholding agent: A resident person who pays management or professional fees to a resident.
Note: applicable only if the professional is not registered for VAT.

Tax withheld: 6% on the gross amount of the payment.

4. Withholding agent: A resident company which pays a dividend to a resident shareholder.
i) this does not apply where the dividend income is exempt from tax in the hands of the shareholder.
ii) For an individual the 15% withholding tax is final tax while for a company the gross dividend receivable is aggregated with other income for tax purposes.

Tax withheld: 15% of the gross amount of the payment.

5. Withholding agent: A resident person who pays royalties.

Tax withheld: 15% of the gross amount of payment to non resident person.

6. Withholding agent:
i) Government of Uganda.
ii) A government institution.
iii) A local authority.
iv) Any company controlled by the Government of Uganda, or
v) A designated person in notice by Ministry of Finance.
vi) Any company in which the Government of Uganda has interest
Paying an amount or amounts exceeding one million shillings, in aggregate, to a person in Uganda for supply of goods or services

Tax withheld: 6% of the gross amount of the supplied or imported goods or services.

7. Withholding agent: A person making an international payment.
Note: where a person enters into a contract with a non resident for the provision of services in Uganda or
where the payment to the contractor will amount to income sourced in Uganda,
the resident person must, within 30 days of the date of entering into the agreement,
notify the Commissioner, in writing, of:
i) The nature of such agreement,
ii) The likely duration of the agreement,
iii) The name and postal address of the non resident person, and
iv) The total amount of the contract

Tax withheld:
Natural resource payment-15%
Management fee-15%
Business entertainment-15%
Sports performance-15%
Services contract-15%
Ship operating-2%
Chartering or air transport operating-2%
Transmitting messages by cable, radio, optical fibre or satellite communication-5%

Comments for Withholding Tax in Uganda

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Aug 28, 2019

Is it lawful for the contractor to deduct the subcontractors money from the consideration of the contract as withhold tax when the contract does not provide for the same.

Jun 25, 2019
15% withholding tax on imports
by: Anonymous

Is there 15% withholding tax on imports?
in case the delivery terms are DDP how is the 15% charged?

Jul 21, 2018
Wht on imported services
by: Anonymous

Is it the payment of the invoice ( money flowing) that triggers WHT? Or is it the existance of an invoice? And when does the wht become payable...

Apr 07, 2018
Withholding tax on agriculture inputs fro refugees
by: Wilson

As an NGO who has planned to promote sustainable solutions in Bidibidi in providing certified seeds and agricultural inputs to beneficiaries via the enrollment of local vendors in a voucher program to reach the refugees, should we deduct withholding tax from these vendors payments? If isn't, could you please share the official document for reference?

Jan 31, 2018
Carry Forward Period for WHTax Deducted
by: Jayesh


Can any body help to know, how long WHTax deducted can be carried forward if assess is incurring losses..


Jun 01, 2016
Consultancy Income Tax
by: Anonymous

What is the tax deduction for consultancy income?

Feb 04, 2016
wht deductions
by: Grace R

No, WHT is removed on the value of an invoice after deducting VAT amount from the invoice. This is done to avoid double taxation. WHT is not a TAX per say, but a mechanism to enforce tax payment or collection.Therefore you cannot deduct WHT from the gross value of an invoice of a business entity which is VAT Registered and have a TIN number.

Dec 14, 2015
what is he thresh hold of with holding tax
by: Henry G

What is the thresh hold of with holding tax? I am to be paid 750,000 as fees for service i am going to provide, is it liable to with holding tax? what about expenses or costs like buying stationery is it liable to tax

Dec 09, 2015
Failure to remit tax withheld
by: Byanguye Moses

In Uganda; If a withholding agent fails to remit the tax withheld what remedy does the tax payer have in as far as filing final tax returns is concerned.

Feb 27, 2015
Customer in a Bank
by: Florah Aeko

I would like to know the WHT chargeable on Interest income especially on Fixed Deposits made by a Ugandan. Banks are not being fair to their customers they just charge any WHT % without due care of informing clients what rates are chargeable on the interest income

Feb 05, 2015
Earning Commissin
by: Mwesige

Does withholding tax apply to commission payments?
If so what amount does is apply?
Is there a list in URA of the Organizations called withholding agents?

Nov 13, 2014
withholding tax on imported goods
by: nancy

do we add 15 % as withholding tax on imported goods on the cost price or selling price

May 26, 2014
by: Anonymous

Does with holding tax affect any invoice or an invoice above 1m?

Mar 11, 2014
by: Agaba Smith

I wanted to answer the question imposed by CMK that WHT cannot be charged on another tax.If it is imports, the imports should be exclusive of VAT. Thank you.

Jan 29, 2014
List of exempted items from WHt
by: Barbara

Please send us a list of items that are exempted from WHT, place it somewhere on your portal.

Jul 27, 2013
by: CKM

Is WHT (6%) calculated on invoice amount including VAT or on invoice amount net of VAT?

Jun 06, 2013
VAT On Withholding Tax
by: Anonymous

Do you pay VAT on withholding tax?

Mar 15, 2013
W/T on dividends should be zero

It is not proper to impose a w/t on dividends. Dividends are regarded as returns on capital invested. In developing countries dividend yields are very low compared to other costs of capital. This makes equity investments unpopular.
Imposing a tax on returns of an unpopular investment is detriment to capital market development. All stock markets in developing countries are being encouraged to grow for they are seen as engines of economic growth.This tax is a disincentive to economic growth, through financial liberalization.

Feb 05, 2013
not understood
by: Anonymous

Is there any withholding tax for professional service offered. what is the limit amount withheld?

Answer: Yes there is.

Aug 31, 2012
WHT on rental payments
by: Joyce N. K

The law is not clear about withholding tax on payment for rent. Many Landlords dispute any deductions and will always insist on full payment with threats of terminating tenancy.

Oct 26, 2010
Reclaiming Withheld Tax
by: Business Consultant

It is possible to reclaim withheld tax from Uganda Revenue Authority (URA). But at times it might take longer than you expect due to verification exercises involved.

Withheld Tax is 6%

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