Find visitors' favorite businesstravel Hotels And.... Book your best!

ad. Buy Grade A Premium Uganda Vanilla Beans NOW Available for Export  

The Caracal

Scientific name: Caracal caracal

The word caracal comes from the Turkish word "karakulak", meaning "black ear". Although it has traditionally had the alternative names Persian Lynx, Egyptian Lynx and African Lynx, it is no longer considered to be an actual lynx.

Interesting Facts about the Caracal

They are described as...
"The superstar of the animal world. This carnivore is perfect."


"This is the most enthusiastic jumper of all the cats"
(Amanda Barrett about the caracal)

"The ultimate stealth hunter."


"The caracal is a champion in bird catch."
(Tim Green about the caracal)

"In terms of stealth, agility and sharpened senses, it's one of the most efficient cats in the world."
(Rob Harrison-White about the caracal)

* The black markings and black backs of its tufted ears make the caracal's face strikingly expressive, especially when its ears are turned down or back in aggressive or defensive threat.

* Caracals typically use abandoned burrows or rock crevices for maternal dens.

* Caracals prey on rodents, hares and small antelope. They will also kill prey larger then themselves, such as adult springbok or young antelope. The caracal is well known for catching low-flying birds.

* A caracal's hind legs are noticeably longer than his front legs.

How to identify a Caracal

Males typically weigh 13-18 kgs (28-40 lbs), while females weigh about 11 kg (24 lb). It has a tail nearly a third of its body length, and both sexes look the same. The caracal is 65-90 cm in length (about 2-3 ft), plus 30 cm tail (about 1 ft). Compared to lynxes, it has longer legs and a slimmer appearance.

Young caracals bear reddish spots on the underside; adults do not have markings except for black spots above the eyes. Under parts of chin and body are white, and a narrow black line runs from the corner of the eye to the nose.

The pupils of a caracal's eyes contract to form circles rather than the slits found in most small cats. The most conspicuous feature of the caracal is elongated, tufted black ears, which also explain the origin of its name, karakulak, Turkish for "black ear". A juvenile has black on the outside of the ears, which disappears as it becomes an adult. Its ears, which it uses to locate prey, are controlled by 20 different muscles.

Habitat and diet

The chief habitat of a caracal is dry steppes and semi deserts, but you will also find this cat in woodlands, savannah, and scrub forest. It dwells either alone or in pairs. The caracal may survive without drinking for a long period, the water demand is satisfied with the body fluids of its prey.

The Caracal hunts at night (but in colder seasons also in the daytime) for rodents and larger kills, and avoids eating hair by shearing meat neatly from the skin. However, it will eat the feathers of small birds and is tolerant of rotten meat. It is among the smallest felids to attack prey larger than itself.

It is best known for its spectacular skill at hunting birds, able to snatch a bird in flight, sometimes more than one at a time. It can jump and climb exceptionally well, which enables it to catch hyraxes better than probably any other carnivore. Its life expectancy in the wild is 12 years, and 17 years in captivity. Since it is also surprisingly easy to tame, it has been used as a hunting cat in Iran and India.


Mating may occur at any time of year; however, it is more likely to occur when nutrition status is optimal, which stimulate estrous in females. Gestation last 68–81 days, and litter size ranges from 1 to 6 kittens.

For litters born in their natural environment, the maximum number of kittens of three; however, larger litters are more likely to occur in captivity where nutrition needs are adequately met.

Kittens reach independence at 9 to 10 months of age, but do not successfully mate until 14 to 15 months of age.

Click here to post comments

Join in and write your own page! It's easy to do. How? Simply click here to return to Uganda Wild Life FAQ.

Haven't yet found what you Want...?

If you haven't yet found what you were looking for or you need detailed information about the subject matter on this page


feel free to ask our business travel consultants.

Book a Prisons & Correctional
Charity Tour

Farmland for Sale
Prime Commercial Property
Entebbe Rd Land 4 Sale
Over 20 Farmland Parcels
Property & Plots of Land

Uganda Online SuperMarket
Online SuperMarket

Uganda Coffee Safari
Book My Coffee Tour

Uganda Honey
Uganda HoneyComb

Subscribe to our Business Travel Newsletter

Enter Your E-mail Address
Enter Your First Name (optional)

Don't worry — your e-mail address is totally secure.
I promise to use it only to send you Africa Uganda Business Travel News Digest.

Hotel Booking

Car RentalCar Hire

Africa Uganda Shipping & Handling ServicesShipping & Handling Services

Our Sponsorship Policy

Apple Guavas available
Africa Uganda Plants GuideAfrica Plants Guide

Charity Investment Guide
Changing Lives

Africa Uganda SMS Guide
Africa Bulk SMS

Poultry Investment Guide
Poultry Business Guide

Related Pages

Uganda Hotels Directory

Uganda Hotels Booking Guide

Houses U can buy Uganda Real Estate Guide Industrial/Farmland Deals

Uganda Real Estates Guide

The Mountain Gorilla

Uganda Safari Guide

Uganda Weather Today

Book My Hotel

Please note that all fields followed by an asterisk must be filled in.

Please enter the word that you see below.


Uganda Currency