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How to grow ORANGES in Uganda

Orange tree with fruits in UgandaOrange tree with fruits in Uganda

With the origin from the Asian continent, oranges are one of the fruits of the citrus family widely grown in the tropical and subtropical African countries.

Locally known as “omuchungwa”, the orange are eaten for their source of vitamin c. the fruit is used to make juices, and its cut wedges used to garnish different dishes in the kitchen.

Common Orange varieties in Uganda

Washington navel; these are best used for direct eating as a dessert fruit. Its fruit has no seeds and matures early in the season.

Valencia; it produces fruits which are very succulent and give a lot of juice.

Hamlin; this type of tree produces small fruits with a smooth and shiny skin.

Other varieties on the market include Kuno navel, nova, and Minneola.

Contact us here to buy Orange Fruits and Orange Seedlings in Uganda

Soil requirements for growing Oranges in Uganda

Oranges can be grown in a wide range of soils provided they are well drained , fertile and well aerated soils with a pH of between 6.0 to 6.5 is ideal.

How to propagate Oranges on your farm

Can seeds be used to start oranges? Yes!

But budded or grafted seedlings are most preferred planting material.

Grafted materials do produce fruits earlier than the seeded type of oranges.

Contact us here to buy Orange Fruits and Orange Seedlings in Uganda

How to plant Oranges in Uganda

To prepare for planting, secure disease free seedlings from a commercial nursery.

Dig up holes (60x60x60) cm with a spacing of (3x3x3) m.

Mix the top soil with 2 spades full’s of compost or kraal manure and 250g of superphosphate.

If you are planning to set up an orchard would advise that you do it at the onset of rains.

However if it’s an ornamental plant in the compound please plant any time as this can be watered easily.

To plant remove the polybag sleeves and place seedlings in the center of the dug holes. Then cover with top soil first and firm the soil around the seedling.

The covered soil should be up to the original level of the nursery sleeve but make sure that the graft joint area is kept well above the ground to avoid infection.

A stake can be put a alongside the seedling to which the seedling is tied to keep it erect.

Water the seedling way up to fruiting with the weather put in to consideration.

Also weed, as like any other plant oranges don’t do well with competing plants.

Watch out for pests and diseases like the leaf miner, citrus root nematodes, citrus psyllid and the orange dog.

Contact us here to buy Orange Fruits and Orange Seedlings in Uganda

How best to Harvest Oranges in Africa

Budded or grafted plants start producing fruits at about 2-3 years from planting, and production will increase as the tree grows.

Oranges are ready for harvesting when the fruits change color from natural green to slightly yellowish color.

To harvest, clip or pull the fruit gently from the tree using a basket to collect.

About the Market for Oranges in Uganda

Start from your home, to farmer markets, oranges do have a permanent market on stalls, super market, moving Carts, and even hawkers. In fact, a lot of oranges consumed in Uganda are imported.

Contact us here to buy Orange Fruits and Orange Seedlings in Uganda

Quick Tips for planting oranges in Africa

  • Open up space meant for planting clearing all barriers.

  • Dig pits (60x60x 60) cm in size with a spacing of 3x3 m.

  • Mix the top soils you removed with compost and then put it back to the pit half of it.

  • Remove the polybag sleeve from the seedling root ball, and then carefully loosen the root area.

  • Plant the seedling plants in the center of the pits and stake it.

  • Water the seedling before and immediately after plating.

  • Have a weeding, spraying, and fertilizing routine.

  • Harvest when the oranges are ready.

Contact us here to buy Orange Fruits and Orange Seedlings in Uganda

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