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How to grow GUAVAS in Uganda

Guavas are beautiful tropical shrubs grown for its smooth, sweet nutty aromatic fruits.

It’s one of the freshly enjoyed and we locally called it “Omupeela”. Aside for fresh consumption guavas are processed to give other products like juice, and jelly for home consumption.

Common Guava varieties in Uganda

These are the some of the common varieties planted today;

Apple guava- these are basically known as common guava, this type of guava produces large fruits which are firm and light green to yellow when they ripen.

Strawberry guavas - this type produces smaller fruits which are dark red when ripe.

Pineapple guava - this type is common to rather cold environments in the tropics.

Contact us here to buy guava fruits and guava seedlings in Uganda

Soil requirements for growing guavas in Africa

Guavas thrive best on well drained fertile soil, with a desirable amount of organic manure, so we advise you to use  manure when planting.

How to propagate guavas on your farm

Guavas can be propagated by seed but these don’t come true to the parent plant. Vegetative propagation using grafting, air layering, budding is most preferred as it produces quite vigorous seedlings.

Contact us here to buy guava fruits and guava seedlings in Uganda

How to plant guavas in Uganda

Whereas it is true to that guavas can be obtained through vegetative propagation, guavas are hard to root therefore propagation by cuttings under ordinary condition is not successful.

The best way to start the guavas I would recommend that you buy already nurtured seedlings.

However, if you would like to propagate on your own, the “Air layering” steps are listed below for you to follow:

Air layering should preferably be done in the rain season to promote faster rooting and survival of layer.

To layer, 1 year old branches of 1 to 1.5 m length are selected.

A ring of the bark about 2.5 to 3.0 cm long is removed.

For better rooting apply a rooting hormone at the debarked part of the twig, then mix a moist soil and compost mixture and then cover it around the debarked area.

Then tightly wrap up the place with a polythene tape.

Rooting starts in 3-5 weeks.

After 6 to 8 weeks when sufficient roots are visible through the transparent tape, the layer is removed from the branch by means of cutting the stem below the rooted part.

Then remove the polythene and pot the new seedling until new leaves appear.

When the new flushes are produced, the plant can then be transplanted in the field.

Transplant the seedlings to (1x1x1) m pits filled with a mixture of soil and farmyard manure.

Place stakes around the seedling to protect it from birds.

Water the plants to provide the moisture needed for plant growth.

Have a spraying routine against diseases and pests.

Contact us here to buy guava fruits and guava seedlings in Uganda

How best to Harvest guavas in Africa 

Guava trees generally start fruiting in about 3 to 4 years from planting.

At the time of harvest, you will see a clear change in the color and aroma of the fruits when they ripen.

For best flavor allow fruits to ripen on the tree, then you can collect the ripen fruits by hand.

About the Market for guavas in Uganda

The first market for guavas when you plant the guava tree is your home, please enjoy them.

Alternatively you can go ahead and add value to the fruits by making jam and juice.

Contact us here to buy guava fruits and guava seedlings in Uganda

Quick tips for plating the guava trees in Africa

  • Clear up site meant for permanently sitting the guava.

  • The layout can be in home garden or on a commercial basis.

  • Open up the surface to create a hole of the same diameter as the seedling.

  • Cut the poly bag to separate it from the root ball gently.

  • Then place your seedling into the hole, but care should be taken not to damage the roots.

  • Gently cover with soils and even water.

  • You should have a regular pesticide routine which prevents insects as they are usually a problem.

Contact us here to buy guava fruits and guava seedlings in Uganda

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