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How to grow MANGOES in Uganda

Mangoes in Uganda

Mangoes in Uganda

A mango is an evergreen fruit tree locally known as “omuyembe”. The tree is so pronounced in tropical and subtropical regions of the world.

The mango tree is one of the most widely distributed fruit trees in Uganda. It flourishes in districts that are too dry for orange growing.

Common Mango varieties in Uganda

In Uganda we have mainly 3 types of mangoes grown and these include;

  • Small canopy; some of the small canopy types include Florigon, Glenn, Dancan, Early Gold, Erwin, Palmar, and Paivin.

  • Medium canopy and fairly early yielding varieties like Zillate, Pinero, Alfonso, Apple, Kent, and Keitt.

  • The large canopy and fairly early yielding varieties like Boribo, Ssejjembe, Bire, Ssu, and Kate.

Contact us here to buy fresh Mangoes and Mango seedlings in Uganda

Soil requirements for growing Mangoes in Africa

Mangoes can be grown successfully on a wide range of soils.

The tree will do well in moderately fertile soils with good drainage, with a pH range between 5.5 and 7.5.

How to Propagate Mangoes on your plantation in Uganda

Mangoes can be propagated both sexually and asexually, i.e. sexual propagation would involve growing a mango tree out of the seed.

The trees however would take about 7 to 15 years.

Asexual propagation is mainly done using grafting.

Grafted trees start bearing as early as 3-5 years and will produce more uniform fruits.

How to plant Mangoes in your garden

Here am going to start explaining how you get your mango seedling by grafting. The process will contain the following steps;

Step 1: veneer grafting
Selecting the scion and root stock to use in joining is the most important thing during grafting.

The root stock for grafting is obtained from seeds sown in the nursery or in the polybag containing manured top soil.

And the scion is gotten from the terminal shoot of a proposed parent mango tree, and must be about 3 months old.

Defoliate the shoot 10 days before removing it from the parent tree.

At this stage the petiole stubs will have dropped and the buds shall have started to bulge.

To graft make 5cm long slanting cut at the proximal end of the scion stick cut from the parent mango tree.

Make a similar cut on the root stock so that both fit well without any air space in between.

After joining the two, tire them lightly with a polythene tape.

In 3 weeks the scion will have started to sprout, at this stage cut off the upper part of the rootstock.

In a month and a half, the scion will have grown sufficiently, so cut the stock again just above the point of union and the graft is ready for transplant.

It’s essential that you keep the graft wet for proper rooting and seedling establishment.

Contact us here to buy fresh Mangoes and Mango seedlings in Uganda

Step2: transplanting
A medium fine field is adequate, dig holes 60cm deep and 60 cm wide while separating the top soil from the sub soils.

Mix well the decomposed manure with top soil at a ratio of 1:1, put the mixture back in to the hole to cover the first 30 cm.

Make a small hole with in the hole and plant in the grafted seedling.

The plastic bags used for potting should be removed before planting.

When covering the hole of the soil make a basin around each plant to enable water harvesting.

Mulch each plant and cage it with small sticks to avoid damage by animals and the strong winds.

One month after transplanting, the grafting tape should be removed. Shoots growing below the point of union should also be removed.

When the tree starts bearing watch out for the mango fruit fly it’s a maggot which burrows through the mango fruit and also the mango seed weevil.

Contact us here to buy fresh Mangoes and Mango seedlings in Uganda

How to Harvest Mangoes in Uganda

The mango starts maturing at 90 days and reach full maturity in 120 to 135 days after flower induction.

However earlier fruit ripening and dropping may occur on the tree. Ripening is faster in hotter areas than in cooler areas.

Hand picking is the commonest method for mango harvesting, but it’s difficult and time consuming for large orchards.

The best time for harvesting the fruits would between 9:00 am to 3:00 pm as at this time the tree and fruits are dry and latex flow is minimal.

For faster fruiting the following season, induce the tree to flush by irrigating and fertilizing with a higher dosage of nitrogen fertilizers mixed with foliar organic fertilizer.

Contact us here to buy fresh Mangoes and Mango seedlings in Uganda

About the Market for Mangoes in Uganda

Mangoes do have a constant market as consumers do demand for them any time of the year.

Most farmers can sell their mangoes at national markets like Nakasero, local stall, the supermarkets, fruit processing companies.

You can also export your Mangoes to neighboring countries like Sudan and Congo.

Contact us here to buy fresh Mangoes and Mango seedlings in Uganda

Quick Tips for Planting Mangoes in Uganda

  • Clear up the land meant for setting up the mango orchard.

  • Open up holes 60x60 cm deep

  • Mix the top soil with the compost and then add it half way into the hole

  • Remove the polybag from the root zone of the grafted seedling and gently place it in the hole.

  • Cover with soil and gently firm leaving a basin which can capture water on a rainy day.

  • Stake the newly planted tree to protect it from animals.

  • Water the tree to give it moisture needed for rooting and plant establishment.

  • Harvest your mango fruits when they ripen and are mature.

Contact us here to buy fresh Mangoes and Mango seedlings in Uganda

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