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Oribi - Long Necked Small Antelope

Oribi is a graceful slender tagged, long necked small antelope found in grassland almost throughout the sub Saharan Africa. Oribi falls, prey to numerous animals like hyenas, python, crocodiles, carcicats, leopards, hunting dogs and jackals. Their populations are threatened by human activities like habitat destruction, illegal hunting.


Common name: Oribi
Scientific name: ourebia ourebi
Kingdom: animalia
Phylum: chordate
Class: mammalia
Order: artodactyla
Family: boridae
Genus: ourebia
Species: ourebi

Where to find the Oribi

They are found in most countries throughout the sub Saharan Africa ranging from Senegal to west and central Ethiopia, southern Somalia, eastern Kenya across into Mozambique, Zimbabwe and in central and eastern South Africa. They inhabit open grasslands or thinly bushed country.

In Uganda you will easily this antelope in Bugungu Wildlife Reserve.

What the Oribi Eats

Oribi prefer to east short grasses but will browse on leaves, foliage and young shoots during the dry season. Life span up to 14 years.

How to identify the Oribi

Oribi weigh an average of 12-22kg. The back and upper chest in yellow to orange brown. The chin, throat, chest, belly and sump are white. The tail is short and bushy. Has a white crescent shaped band of fur above the eye. Below each ear is a large sound black glandular patch the nostrils are prominently red. Only males grow horns which are slender and upright, ridged to about halfway up the ends being smooth and pointed.


Oribi are found on their own in parts or in small groups of one male with two or more females. Oribis are most active in the morning, late afternoon and evening. When alarmed, they produce a shrill whistle. It threatened they gallop array, bounding shift legged in to air every few strides, a behavior known as stetting. They breed from august to December and a single offspring is born.

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