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Azadiracha indica, Nimtee

Azadiracha indica,  Nimtee leaves & fruits in Uganda, Africa

Azadiracha indica, Nimtee leaves & fruits in Uganda, Africa

What you can use the plant for:



You can use this tree as an important traditional medicine.

Medicine(bark),fodder (leaves, oil seed cake), Ornamental, Insectcide (azadirachtin in leaves)oil (seeds), soap (seed oil)

Products made from neem have been used in India for over two millennia for their medicinal properties: they are said to be antifungal, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antiviral, contraceptive and sedative.

Neem products are also used in selectively controlling pests in plants. It is considered a large part of Ayurvedic medicine.

All parts of neem are used for preparing many different medicines, especially for skin disease.

Part of the Neem tree can be used as a spermicide .
Neem oil is used for preparing cosmetics (soap and shampoo, as well as lotions and others), and is useful for skin care such as acne treatment. Neem oil has been used effectively as a mosquito repellent.

Neem is useful for damaging over 500 types of insects, mites, ticks, and nematodes, by changing the way they grow and act. Neem does not normally kill pests right away, rather it slows their growth and drives them away. As neem products are cheap and not poisonous to animals and friendly insects, they are good for pest control

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Plant species Name(s)



Azadiracha indica, Nimtee


Plant Local name(s)


Neem,
Nimtree and
Indian Lilac

Currently no other local name in Uganda has been given to this tree.

Where to find this Plant in Uganda



You will typically find this Tree plant located in low land areas of Uganda because it withstands drought conditions and located in low land areas of Moroto,Kotido, soroti, Kumi and Mbale.


Neem is a fast-growing tree that can reach a height of 15–20 metres (49–66 ft), rarely to 35–40 metres (115–131 ft).

It is evergreen, but in severe drought it may shed most or nearly all of its leaves. The branches are wide and spreading. The fairly dense crown is roundish and may reach a diameter of 15–20 metres (49–66 ft) in old, free-standing specimens. The neem tree is very similar in appearance to its relative, the Chinaberry (Melia azedarach).

The opposite, pinnate leaves are 20–40 centimetres (7.9–15.7 in) long, with 20 to 31 medium to dark green leaflets about 3–8 centimetres (1.2–3.1 in) long. The terminal leaflet is often missing. The petioles are short.

The (white and fragrant) flowers are arranged in more-or-less drooping axillary panicles which are up to 25 centimetres (9.8 in) long. The inflorescences, which branch up to the third degree, bear from 150 to 250 flowers. An individual flower is 5–6 millimetres (0.20–0.24 in) long and 8–11 millimetres (0.31–0.43 in) wide. Protandrous, bisexual flowers and male flowers exist on the same individual tree.

The fruit is a smooth (glabrous) olive-like drupe which varies in shape from elongate oval to nearly roundish, and when ripe is 1.4–2.8 centimetres (0.55–1.10 in) by 1.0–1.5 centimetres (0.39–0.59 in). The fruit skin (exocarp) is thin and the bitter-sweet pulp (mesocarp) is yellowish-white and very fibrous. The mesocarp is 0.3–0.5 centimetres (0.12–0.20 in) thick. The white, hard inner shell (endocarp) of the fruit encloses one, rarely two or three, elongated seeds (kernels) having a brown seed coat.

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